MALE CIRCUMCISION DOES NOT PROVIDE COMPLETE PROTECTION AGAINST HIV
- 7 Articles
- Age 16
Circumcised men can still become infected with the virus and, if HIV-positive, can infect their sexual partners. Promoting and providing safe male circumcision does not replace other interventions to prevent heterosexual transmission of HIV but provides an additional strategy.
In all three randomized controlled trials HIV incidence was considerably lower in the intervention (circumcised men) than in the control group (uncircumcised men), but nevertheless remained high overall (0.7 to 1.0 per 100 person-years in circumcised men). This high incident persisted in spite of intensive safer sex counseling, condom provision and the management of sexually transmitted infections. This underlines the need to strengthen comprehensive HIV prevention programs even further.
It is not known whether male circumcision reduces the sexual transmission of HIV from men to women. Although a reduction in HIV incidence among men will eventually results in lower prevalence in men and therefore less likelihood that women will be exposed to HIV, currently there are insufficient data to know whether male circumcision results in a direct reduction of transmission from HIV-positive men to women.Reblogged from: http://www.k4health.org/toolkits/zimbabwe-hiv-prevention/male-circumcision-mc