Let's talk about mental health

To be able to take care of ourselves, first we need to understand more about mental health.

Check out our Hi-5 For Health series to connect with other youth, get tips from experts, join the discussion, and participate in challenges!

On this occasion we are going to talk about  mental health. You can also download these materials in pdf to review them offline and share it with your friends. Click here.  

How are you really?

Know the facts

A man sitting cross-legged and meditating.

Did you know that mental health is an important part of everyone’s life? Taking care of our mental health is a journey, there are ups and downs, but we can always take small steps to protect our mental health. Our mental health changes every day but we can prepare for life’s challenges by practicing certain skills for our mental health.

Mental health can also be very misunderstood. There are many ideas and opinions across different communities and cultures that influence the way we think and talk about mental health. Let’s take some time to discuss what mental health really is so that we can inform ourselves and the people around us of the facts.

1. So what exactly is mental health?

Mental health is a part of our health and well-being that enables us to understand our abilities, cope with our day to day life, contribute to our community, build relationships, and shape the world we live in. It can range from feeling well to feeling distressed, and each of us falls somewhere on this spectrum.

No matter where you are, remember: it is important not to judge ourselves when we are going through highs and lows. Accepting ourselves is the first step in building a community where we all feel safe, welcome, and valued.

An illustration of a boy, we can see his brain and flowers blooming from it.
An illustration of a girl hugging self.

2. What does it mean to have positive mental health?

Someone who is experiencing positive mental health can:

  • Understand their abilities 
  • Deal with the normal stresses of life in a good way 
  • Overcome challenges 
  • Interact and build relationships with other people 
  • Work and study productively 
  • Enjoy life and contribute to their community 

3. When is it important to ask for support?

It can feel scary to admit that you need support, but it is a sign of courage and strength.  Here are some signs that you might need help with your mental health:

  • Finding it hard to get out of bed or feeling tired all the time

  • Avoiding friends or tasks you need to do

  • Losing interest in activities you usually like
  • Having trouble concentrating 
  • Feeling irritable, lonely, down, or sad most of the day, nearly every day 
  • Experiencing any of the above for more than a couple of weeks 
A boy thinking.
A girl on the phone.

4. Where can I start if I need help and how can I ask for it?

It’s never too early to ask for help. Asking for help can feel hard, but getting help from other people can positively change your life. You can talk to someone in your community like a counselor, health care worker, or community leader. If this is challenging, try talking first to someone you trust, like maybe a teacher or family member, who can help you reach out for help. You may even find an available helpline that you can call or reach online. It’s especially important to ask for help from a trusted adult if our difficult feelings feel like too much, last a long time, or make it hard to do our daily routine. If you are struggling and don’t know what to say or how to ask for help, try these:

  • When you don’t know what you need: “I’m feeling ___________. I’m not sure what to ask for, but I think I need some support. Are you free to talk (day/time)?” 
  • When you feel stuck: “I’m struggling. Can we (meet up/talk)? I’d love your help in thinking about some ideas and making a plan.” 
  • When you don’t want to talk about it: “I’m in a bad place but I’m also not ready to talk about it. I’d love to do an activity together to distract me.” 
  • When you need to feel connected: “Can you call or message me (on date/every day) to make sure I’m doing OK?”

There are professionals who are specifically trained to support you with your mental health. If you feel like you might need professional help, try reaching out to a trusted adult who can guide you. If you aren't sure where to go, try this resource first 

5. Understanding myths about mental health can help our communities break the stigma and create ways for starting conversations and getting help.

An illustration of a girl in two different moods, upset and sad.

Myth: Teenagers don’t deal with poor mental health. They just have mood swings and rebel to get attention.

Fact: Teenagers often have mood swings, but that does not mean that they don’t experience mental health challenges. 

  • 14% of the world’s teens experience diagnosed mental health conditions. 
  • Among 10-15-year-olds, self-harm is the 5th leading cause of death. 
  • Half of all mental health conditions start by the age of 14.

Myth: You only need to take care of your mental health if you have a mental health condition.

Fact: Everyone has mental health and can take active steps to work on their well-being and improve their mental health. Everyone should also take active steps to create habits that help them lead healthy and safe lifestyles. It's not always easy or possible to change our circumstances, but sometimes even small things like making sure we have enough sleep and exercise can make a difference to our mental health.

An illustration of two brains, one happy one sad.
A man looking happy, a man lifting weights.

Myth: A mental health condition is a sign of weakness; if the person were stronger, they would not have this condition. 

Fact: A mental health condition has nothing to do with being weak. It is not something people can choose to have or not have. In fact, realizing that you need help and asking for it requires great strength and courage. Anyone can develop a mental health condition.

Think about it!

A girl looking worried.

Sometimes you may find yourself somewhere in between experiencing positive mental health and experiencing a mental health condition. Life is tough! Have you ever felt stressed, sad, lonely, afraid, or anxious while balancing school, work, relationships, and regular life challenges? 

When you’re experiencing difficult emotions, who can you talk to?

Some methods of coping can be helpful while others can be harmful. When choosing how to cope, try to think of what's best for you. It can be difficult, but choosing how we cope in times of stress is as important as actively choosing behaviours and habits that can promote our wellbeing. When you’re experiencing difficult emotions, what are 2 ways that you cope?

What is one thing you would change about the way people talk about mental health in your community? Why?

If you see a friend going through a challenging time, what are 2 ways you could support them?

Acknowledging our strengths can be useful for our wellbeing, and for recognizing that, regardless of how we are feeling, we add value to the world. Think about yourself. What are three things that you would consider to be your own strengths?

Make a difference


Here are some ideas for you to start taking care of your mental health:

A note to yourself

Share a message to your younger self that may have been dealing with difficult feelings. You can do this by writing in your personal journal, telling a loved one about your reflection or sharing it on social media, or take some time to read someone else’s reflection. Turn this into a trend and challenge your friends to think about a message they would share to their younger selves.

An illustration of a boy writing a note to himself.
Two people hugging.

Be there for a friend

Take some time to regularly check in on your friends, family, or even a new classmate. If someone expresses a need for more support during a tough time, see how you can be there for them or connect them to the right help.

The Unsent Letter

Take some time to write a letter that you won’t send. It can be to anyone past or present. This exercise might help you achieve clarity, calmness, or confidence. The idea is to get everything out on paper so that you can either address some of the topics in the letter or move on.

An illustration of a girl writing on a notepad.
An illustration of a hand holding a mobile phone.

Share your opinion

Write and submit an opinion piece on how your community thinks, talks, and acts when it comes to mental health. What would you want to change about this? Why? How? Tell us how you would take action to create a more mental health promoting community!

Real life, real talk


In these videos, UNICEF Youth Advocates who promote mental health reflect on how they take care of their mental health, how we can promote this issue among young people, and share tips:

Spread the word!

An illustration of a girl with the title "Let's talk about mental health"

Download this information and share with your friends! 

Click here.




The content is this learning module was developed by UNICEF in collaboration with the UNICEF-AstraZeneca Young Health Programme Young Leaders. Learn more about their vision for a healthier future here. Art by Vania Dhianisyaand Njung'e Wanjiru.

UNICEF does not endorse any company, product or service.